Spacer
 
Spacer
  Business.gov.in Indian Business Portal
An Initiative of India.gov.in
 
 
Quick Menu
 
Industry & Services
spacer
Industry & Services Industries
Industry & Services Services Sector
Industry & Services Micro,Small and Medium Enterprises
   
 
Industry & Services
Industry & Services

Industries

Industrial development plays a crucial role in India's development strategy. It aims at achieving various socio-economic objectives such as reducing debt burden, promoting foreign direct investment (FDI) inflow, enhancing self-reliant production and distribution as well as diversifying and modernising the existing economic set up. The industrial base has been widely expanded, covering broadly the entire range of consumer, intermediate and capital goods. It has made considerable achievement in terms of output and employment. The Government of India has been undertaking several policy measures and incentives, from time and time, in order to promote rapid industrialization in the country. The major step in this direction has been the announcement of Industrial Policy Resolution, initially passed in 1948 and then in 1956 and thereafter in 1991. Such industrial policies have been designed to accelerate the development process in the Indian industry. Their broad objectives are to:-
  • Maintain a sustained growth in productivity


  • Enhance gainful employment


  • Achieve optimal utilisation of human resources


  • Attain international competitiveness and to transform India into a major partner and player in the global arena.
They focus on deregulating Indian industry as well as allowing it flexibility in responding to market forces.

Automotive, being one of the largest industries, facilitates the improvement in various infrastructure facilities like power, rail and road transport. 'Ministry of Heavy Industry and Public Enterprises' is the main agency for promoting the growth and development of the automotive industry. The policy incentives like implementation of auto policy and Automotive Mission Plan, along with establishment of world class testing, homologation and certification facilities, have made India as the world's second largest manufacturer of two wheelers, fifth largest manufacturer of commercial vehicles as well as largest manufacturer of tractors.

Over the years, the engineering industries, both light and heavy engineering, have registered an impressive growth rate and are having a strong base in production of various capital and consumer durable products. 'Department of Heavy Industry' is concerned with the development of heavy engineering industry in the country, which are the basis for power projects, cement plants, steel plants, mining equipment, petro-chemical plants, etc. and includes boilers, electrical furnace, material handling equipments, metallurgical machinery, rubber machinery, oil field equipment, etc. While, light engineering is a diverse industry with the number of distinctive sub-sectors such as medical and surgical instruments; ferrous castings; seamless steel pipes and tubes; process control instruments, welding equipments; etc. It is of high importance to the Indian economy and is the basis of almost all productive and business activities in the country.

The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, is the nodal agency for the development of entire industrial sector in general and of cement, light engineering industries, etc. in particular. Cement is one of the core infrastructure industries showing impressive growth over the years and has found ready markets in Bangladesh, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nepal, Middle, East countries, Burma, Africa and South East Asian countries. India is the second largest manufacturer of cement in the world.

Biotechnology is among the fast growing knowledge-based industrial sectors which has the immense potential to revolutionize agriculture, healthcare, industrial processing and environmental sustainability. The 'Department of Biotechnology (DBT)' is an apex authority for the development of biotechnology sector in the country and is accordingly setting up biotech parks and incubators centres in various States and organizations. While, the rapid build-up of fertilizer production capacity in the country has been achieved as a result of a favourable policy environment. The 'Department of Fertilizers' is a nodal agency for planning, promoting and developing the fertilizer industry in India.

Due to globalisation and rising demands of infrastructure, real estate and auto sectors, Indian steel has become one of the fastest growing industry. The 'Ministry of Steel' is a nodal authority for the overall development of iron and steel industry in India. Price and distribution  controls have been removed as well as foreign direct investment upto 100% (under automatic route) has been permitted in the sector. Whereas, the 'Ministry of Mines' is responsible for overall development of minerals and mining sector in the economy. It is involved in the matters like survey and exploration of all minerals (other than natural gas and petroleum); mining and metallurgy of non-ferrous metals like aluminium, copper, zinc, lead, gold, nickel etc.; and administration of the Acts relating to mines and minerals (other than coal and lignite).

Drugs and pharmaceutical is another significant industry showing considerable progress over the years. India holds fourth position in terms of volume and thirteenth position in terms of value of production in pharmaceuticals. The Department of Chemicals and Petro-Chemicals, under the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers, is responsible for planning, developing and regulating the industry. Several policies have been announced like drug and pharmaceutical policies, which aim to ensure abundant availability, at reasonable prices, of essential life saving and prophylactic medicines of good quality.

Also, the Indian food processing industry is one of the largest in the world in terms of production, consumption, export and growth prospects. Automatic approval for foreign equity upto 100 per cent is available for most of the processed food items, excepting alcohol and beer and those reserved for small scale sector. The 'Ministry of Food Processing Industries' is the nodal agency for developing a strong and vibrant food processing sector in the country. Many new items like ready-to-eat food, beverages, processed and frozen fruit and vegetable products, marine and meat products, etc. are being produced as well as cold storage facilities, food parks, packaging centres, etc. are being set up.

Thus, industries are the mainstay of the Indian economy. They help to promote regional development, eradicate poverty as well as uplift the standard of living of the people. India's vast domestic market, skilled and technical manpower as well as low production and R&D costs have been making India a manufacturing hub.

^ Top

  Business Automobile Industry
  Business Drugs and Pharmaceuticals
  Business Heavy Industries
  Business Ports
  Business Telecommunications
  Business Biotechnology
  Business Fertilizers
  Business Light Engineering Industry
  Business Power
  Business Cement
  Business Food Processing
  Business Mines
  Business Steel
     
 
 
Government of India
spacer
 
 
Business Business Business
 
  Search
 
Business Business Business
 
Business Business Business
 
How Do I
Business Register a Company
Business Register as Employer
Business Complaint with Central Vigilance Commission (CVC)
Business Apply for TAN Card
Business File Income Tax
 
Business Business Business
 
Business Business Business
 
  Help us enhance
Business.gov.in
Tell us what more you would like to see
 
Business Business Business
Business
Business Business Business
 
Tenders
View and Access latest Government Tenders...
 
Business Business Business
Business
Business Business Business
 
 
Patent Information
Business
Copyright
Business
Forms Related to Patents
Business
Forms for Design
 
 
Business Business Business
 
 
 
Spacer
Spacer
Business.gov.in  
 
Spacer
Spacer