Animal Husbandry and Dairy Development sector plays an important role in the socio economic development of India. Besides providing cheap nutritional food to millions of people, it is helpful in generating gainful employment in the rural sector, particularly among the landless labourers, small and marginal farmers and women by supplementing their family incomes. Livestock are the best insurance against the vagaries of nature like drought, famine and other natural calamities.
India has vast resource of livestock and poultry, which play a vital role in improving the socioeconomic conditions of rural masses. India ranks first in respect of buffalo, 2nd in cattle and goats, 3rd in sheep, 4th in ducks, 5th in chickens and 6th in camel population in the world. India has 57% of the world's buffalo population.
Animal Husbandry sector provides large self-employment opportunities. According to National Sample Survey Organization's latest survey (July 2004-June 2005 NSS 61 st round), the estimate of employment in animal husbandry sector was 11.44 million in principal status and 11.01 million in subsidiary status, which is 5.50% of the total working population of the country. Out of the 22.45 million engaged in animal husbandry sector, 16.84 million are females. Animal Husbandry and Fisheries sectors together Statistical Organization (CSO), the value of engage 23.68 million population, which is around 5.80% of the total work force in the country.
According to estimates of the Central Statistical Organization (CSO), the value of output from livestock and fisheries sectors together, at current prices, was about Rs. 2,50,761 crore during 2006-07 (Rs. 2,10,629 crore for livestock sector and Rs. 40,132 crore for fisheries). It is about 31.7 per cent of the value of output of Rs. 7,90979 crore from agriculture & allied sector, in toto. The contribution of these sectors to the total GDP during 2006-07 was 5.26%.
The Livestock Sector not only provides essential proteins and nutritious human diet through milk, eggs, meat, etc. but also plays an important role in utilization of non-edible agricultural by-products.
Livestock provides raw material byproducts such as hides and skins, blood, bone, fat, etc. During 2006-07, the contribution of milk alone (Rs. 1,44,386 crore) was higher than paddy (Rs. 85,032 crore), wheat (Rs. 66,791 crore) and sugarcane (Rs. 28,488 crore). The value of output from meat group as per estimates of Central Statistical Organization (CSO) at current prices was Rs. 34,310 crore during 2006-07. Total export earnings from livestock, poultry and related products was Rs. 5213.80 crore during 2006-07.
The Department made following major achievements during the tenth Plan:
- India became free from Rinderpest Infection and Contagious Bovine Pleuro Pneumonia (CBPP) Disease.
- India continues to be rank No.1 in milk production in the world.
- India is the third largest egg producer in the world.
- The contribution of these sectors to the GDP during 2006-07 was 5.26%.
- New scheme of Livestock Insurance was launched.
India continues to be the largest producer of milk in the World. Several measures initiated by the Government to increase the productivity of livestock has resulted in increased milk production significantly to the level of 84.4 million tonnes at the end of the Ninth Plan (2001-02) as compared to 53.9 million tonnes in 1990-91. India's milk production was 100.9 million tones (subject to provisional estimates of Jammu & Kashmir) during 2006-07.
India is now the third largest producer of fish and the second largest producer of fresh water fish in the world. During the year 2006-2007, the total fish production was 68.69 lakh tonnes. The fish seed production was31688.01million fry during the same year.
Poultry development in the country has shown steady progress over the years. Egg production at the end of Ninth Plan (2001-02) was 38.7 billion as compared to 21 billion during 1990-91. India, with 46.2 billion egg production in 2005-06, ranks third in the World as per FAOSTAT data for the year 2006. India's egg production was 51 billion (subject to provisional estimates of Jammu & Kashmir) during 2006-07.
Wool production at the end of Ninth Plan (2001-02) was 49.5 million kgs as compared to 41.20 million kgs during 1990-91. The production of wool was 44.9 million kgs during 2005-06. India's wool production was 45.1 million kgs (subject to provisional estimates of Jammu & Kashmir) during 2006-07.