of Agriculture and Cooperation
, Ministry of Agriculture, is the
prime agency responsible for the integrated development of spices in India.
It is formulating national policies, schemes and programmes for achieving
rapid growth in the sector, through the optimum utilisation of Indias
land, water, soil and plant resources. It supplements and complements
the efforts being made by the State Governments to promote production
of various spice products.
Board of India is one of the five Commodity Boards functioning
under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. It is an autonomous body
responsible for the export promotion of the scheduled spices and production
development of some of them such as Cardamom and Vanilla. It holds several
responsibilities related to export promotion of spices, like, quality
certification; quality control; registration of exporters; collection
and documentation of trade information; provision of inputs to the Central
Government on policy matters relating to import and export of spices;
etc. The main functions of the Spices Board are:-
- Research, development and regulation of domestic marketing
of small and large cardamom;
- Research and production development of vanilla;
- Post harvest improvement of all spices;
- Promotion of organic production, processing and certification
- Development of spices in the North East;
- Provision of quality evaluation services as well as brand
All India Spices Exporters Forum formed for
the coordinated development of the efforts of Spices industry, and to
supplement the efforts of Spices Board of India. The major objective of
the Forum is to promote goodwill and cooperation among exporters and to
lend a helping hand in lightening the problems faced by them. The Forum's
- Strive to inconsistently increase per unit realisation
in spices exports by initiating products and packaging development and
- Undertake and participate in activities to influence
policies of State and Central bodies.
- Intervene and catalyse development of better technologies
and farm practices in the supply chain by striving for standards of
cleanliness and promoting safe use of post-harvest handling.
- Act as a repository of all market, technical and policy
information and disseminate it to all its members.
- Expand the collective knowledge of the industry and disseminate
scientific information to all concerned.
Since inception, the Forum has come a long way and now has
over a hundred members from different parts of the country who are closely
related to the spice trade. It now represents over 90 percent of the spices
export trade. In order to expand its reach and extend its services to
the entire spices exporting community, it is taking initiatives to induct
more members. Membership is open to the actual spices exporters and Associate
membership to those who have related interest in the spice trade.
Besides, the Indian
Institute of Spices Research (IISR) has also been set up as a
constituent body of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) which
is devoted to research on spices. It serve as an Institute of excellence
for conducting and coordinating research on all aspects of spices improvement,
production, protection and post harvest technology. The main objectives
with which the Institute has been set up are to:-
- extend services and technologies to conserve spices
genetic resources as well as soil, water and air of spices agro-ecosystems;
- develop high yielding and high quality spices varieties
and sustainable production and protection systems using traditional
and non-traditional techniques and novel biotechnology approaches;
- develop post harvest technologies of spices with emphasis
on product development and product diversification for domestic and
- act as a centre for training in research methodology
and technology upgradation of spices and to coordinate national research
- monitor the adoption of new and existing technologies
to make sure that research is targeted to the needs of farming community;
- serve as a national centre for storage, retrieval and
dissemination of technological information on spices.
The research programmes of the Institute are carried out
under various projects, which are time bound, and with specific objectives.
The broad areas under which research is being conducted at the Institute
- Collection, conservation, evaluation and cataloguing
- Development of varieties of high yield, quality and resistance
to biotic and abiotic stresses through conventional and biotechnological
- Standardizing propagation methods to ensure large scale
production and distribution of high yielding genotypes.
- Development of agro-techniques for increasing production
- Integrated pest and disease management.
- Post harvest technology.
- Socio-economic aspects of cultivation, marketing and
information dissemination in spices.
The services available to farmers from the Institute are:-
Sale of planting material of major spices (like improved varieties of
black pepper, ginger, turmeric, nutmeg, cinnamon, clove, vanilla, cardamom,
allspice, garcinia, Piper chaba, Long pepper, etc.); Extension literature
on nominal cost on various technologies in spices production; Farm advisory
services free of cost; Diagnostic services like soil testing, manure testing,
plant and water analysis on nominal rates; Field visits on request and
Training free of cost.