Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries
has been implementing several schemes for improvement and development
of livestock in the country. Some of them are as follows.
Project for Cattle and Buffalo Breeding (NPCBB)
It was initiated by Government of India from October 2000
for a period of ten years, in two phases each of five years duration,
with an allocation of Rs 402 crore for the 1st phase and Rs775.87 crore
for 2nd Phase. It envisages genetic up gradation and development of indigenous
breeds on priority basis.
The objectives of the scheme are to:
- Arrange delivery of vastly improved artificial insemination
service at the farmers doorstep;
- Progressively bring under organized breeding through
artificial insemination or natural service by high quality bulls, all
breedable females among cattle and buffalo within a period of 10 years;
- Undertake breed improvement programme for indigenous
cattle and buffalo breeds so as to improve their genetic qualities as
well as their availability.
Components of the scheme are:
- streamlining storage and supply of Liquid Nitrogen by
sourcing supply from industrial gas manufacturers and setting up bulk
transport and storage systems for the same;
- introduction of quality bulls with high genetic merit;
- promotion of private mobile A.I. service for doorstep
delivery of A.I.;
- conversion of existing stationery government centres
into mobiles centres;
- quality control and certification of bulls and services
at sperm stations, semen banks and training institutions;
- study of breeding systems in areas out of reach of A.I.;
- refresher training to existing AI workers, basic training
to rural unemployed youth, training to professionals and organization
of farmers orientation programmes; and
- institutional restructuring by way of entrusting the
job of managing production and supply of genetic inputs as well as Liquid
Nitrogen to a specialized autonomous and professional State Implementing
It is a 100% centrally sponsored scheme, implemented on
a pilot basis during the years 2005-06 and 2006-07 of the 10 th Five Year
Plan and 2007-08 of the Eleventh Plan in 100 selected districts across
the country. Under the Scheme, crossbred and high yielding cattle and
buffaloes were insured at maximum of their current market value. The premium
of the insurance was subsidized to the tune of 50% by the Central Government.
Rest 50% of the premium was borne by the beneficiaries.
The scheme has been formulated with the twin objectives
of providing protection mechanism to the farmers and cattle rearers against
any eventual loss of their animals due to death and to demonstrate the
benefit of the insurance of livestock to the people and popularise it
with the ultimate goal of attaining qualitative improvement in livestock
and their products.
The scheme was implemented in all the States, except Goa,
through the State Livestock Development Boards of the respective States.
Target Group or the beneficiaries include farmers (large/small/marginal)
and cattle rearers having the crossbred and high yielding cattle and buffaloes.
Dairy Development Programme (IDDP)
The scheme 'Integrated Dairy availability of milk. Milk
production and Development Project (IDDP) in Non-Operation Flood, Hilly
and Backward Areas' was launched in 1993-94 on 100% grant-in-aid basis.
The main objectives of the scheme were as under:
- Development of milch cattle;
Increasing milk production by providing technical input services;
- Procurement, processing and marketing of milk in a cost
Ensure remunerative prices to the milk producers;
Generate additional employment opportunities;
Improve social, nutritional and economic status of residents of comparatively
The scheme was modified during March, 2005. The modified
scheme has been named as 'Intensive Dairy Development Programme' (IDDP)
and is being implemented in hilly and backward areas and also in districts,
which received less than Rs. 50.00 lakh for dairy development activities
under Operation Flood programme.
The funds under the revised scheme are released directly
to the Implementing agencies (State Milk federations/ Unions) and the
projects are implemented by the State Milk federations/ Unions in view
of their expertise and professionalism.
Since inception of the scheme, 84 projects have been approved
in 206 districts of 25 States and a UT with a total outlay of Rs. 480.05
crore till 31.12.2007. These projects have benefited about 14.97 lakh
farmers in 24,520 villages procuring over 17.65 lakh litres of milk per
day till 31.12.2007. During 2007-08, two new projects in Rajasthan and
Tamil Nadu have also been approved. An amount of Rs. 25.63 have been released
during the current year (till 31st December, 2007).
Infrastructure for Quality & Clean Milk Production
The Department introduced a new centrally sponsored scheme
viz.'Strengthening Infrastructure for Quality & Clean Milk Production'
during the 10th Plan with an outlay of Rs. 30.00 crores. The scheme, started
in October, 2003, has the main objective of improving the quality of raw
milk produced at the village level in the country. Under the scheme, there
is a provision for training of farmers on good milking practices. The
scheme is being implemented on 100% grant in aid basis to the State Governments/Union
Territories for components viz. training of farmer members, detergents,
stainless utensils, strengthening of existing laboratory facilities, etc.
The pattern of funding for setting up of milk chilling facilities at the
village level in the form of bulk milk coolers is in the ratio of 75:25
between Government of India and respective cooperative society/union.
The scheme was merged with IDDP during 2005-06.
The central sector scheme 'Assistance to Cooperatives',
started during 1999-2000, aims at revitalizing the sick dairy cooperative
unions at the district level and cooperative federations at the state
level. The rehabilitation Plan is prepared by NDDB in consultation with
the concerned State Milk Federation/District Milk Union. Each rehabilitation
plan is to be implemented within a period of seven years from the date
of its approval.
The scheme is being implemented on 50:50 sharing basis
between Government of India and the concerned State Governments. Since
inception, the Department has approved 32 rehabilitation proposals of
milk unions so far in Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Haryana, Karnataka,
Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Assam, Nagaland, Punjab, West Bengal
and Tamil Nadu at a total cost of Rs 197.37 crore and with a central share
of of Rs. 98.68 crore till 31st December, 2007.
Venture Capital Fund
A new central sector scheme viz. Dairy/Poultry Venture
Capital Fund was initiated during the 10th Five Year Plan with an outlay
of Rs 25.00 crore. It involves measures like milk processing at village
level, marketing of pasteurised milk in a cost effective manner, quality
up-gradation and up-gradation of traditional technology to handle commercial
scale using modern equipment and management skills and to encourage new
species of birds and low input technology for poultry farming among rural
Under this scheme, assistance is provided to the rural/urban
beneficiaries under a schematic proposal through bankable projects. Eligible
beneficiaries, under the schemes include agricultural farmers/individual
entrepreneurs and groups of all sections of unorganised as well as organized
sector including cooperatives and NGOs, from any part of the country.
The scheme is being implemented through NABARD.