'Manipur' literally means 'a jewelled land'. It has a rich reserve of natural resources combined with scenic beauty; refreshing waterfalls; exotic orchids; rare species of flora and fauna; virgin forests; cascading rivers; hilly green landscape; and meandering streams. The Loktak lake is one of its important geographic feature. Physically, the State comprises of two parts, the hills and the valley. The valley is at the centre surrounded by hills on all sides. Thus, truly, it is nature's pristine glory. The State also has a rich tradition of art and culture, which distinctly showcase it on the world platform.
It is inhabited by three major ethnic groups, namely, the Meiteis in the valley, the Nagas and the Kuki-Chin tribes in the hills. Each ethnic group has its own distinct culture and tradition deeply embedded in its dances, music and customary practices. Manipuris are artistic and creative by nature and this has found expression in their handloom and handicraft products, which are world-famous for their designs, ingenuity and usefulness.
It is situated on the eastern frontier of India lying between 23.83 degree North and 25.68 degree North latitude and between 93.03 degree East and 94.78 degree East longitude. It is bounded by Myammar (Burma) on the east ; Nagaland on the north; Assam on the west; and Mizoram on the south. It covers an area of 22,327 sq. kms.
The geographical location of Manipur beckons industrialization of the most modern kind. Agriculture and allied activities provide the backbone to the economy. The State is a suitable place for knowledge-intensive industrialization with high learning components. There exist numerous investment opportunities in the economy, particularly in agro and food processing; handloom; handicrafts; tourism and information technology. The State Government has taken several policy measures and incentives for attracting investors in these sectors.