A company can ensure sustained profitability and productivity
from its investments only by taking care of its human resources. The most
important aspect of it is the work environment provided to the employees
including hours of work, leave, safety, rest periods, holidays and other
conditions of service of the employees.
The working conditions of an organization shall be such
that workers are able to contribute their best efforts and bring about
quality output. They should feel safe and comfortable while working. Work
environment should be clean, healthy, spacious and hygienic. It should
be free from unnecessary noise and disturbances. Satisfactory physical
conditions of work such as ventilation, temperature balance, lighting
and surroundings,etc. will help to remove workers irritation or stress
There should be proper performance appraisal of employees
at regular intervals. Those who perform well should be rewarded. Various
incentives and benefits should be given to the employees. A system of
wage incentive will assure adequate incomes to employees and convince
them that the management is sincerely interested in a better living standard
for them and not in greater profits for itself alone.
In India, the Factories Act,1948 is the umbrella legislation
enacted to regulate the working conditions in factories; to ensure provision
of the basic minimum requirements for safety, health and welfare of the
factories workers as well as to regulate the working hours, leave, holidays,
employment of children, women, etc.