Gender is the difference between men and women as perceived by the society.Men are conventionally shown in an active role in a society whereas women are portrayed more as a cosmetic element. Gender-based issues at work place have recently become an important topic of discussions in labour market.One of the most prevalent issue is sex-based discrimination where men are given more preference than women for doing a work.There are also other Gender-based issues
which arises at various points in life especially at work place.For example,sexual harassment with women at work place;marginalisation and segmentation of the occupational structure in favour of men,etc.Such issues makes women socially, economically,professionally and politically backward and less advanced.Such issues also highlights the role of women in a social context as well as in professional terms.
These issues need to be addressed to ensure gender equality in the labour market, which require concerted efforts both at academic and policy levels.The idea is to give equal opportunities to women to be professionally well-qualified,get reputed place in an organization,treating them at par with men,giving them equal opportunities to do work and to show their talent.Women should be ensured about their safety at a work place.Thus,for business to be successful,one should not hire or fire a person on the basis of gender.
Sexual harassment at work place is an unwanted sexual conduct in a workplace, the forms of which are diverse and numerous.It is usually defined as discrimination against women which denies them the right to work in a healthy and rewarding atmosphere.It can have cumulative effects on the whole organization.When it becomes very unpleasant for a worker ,she will most often seek alternative employment. The employer ,on his part, incurs significant costs in recruiting and replacing such workers. Therefore it is in the interest of employers that the working environment ensures that workers are treated with dignity.
The important legislations for gender-based issues at work place are:-
Thus the employers' of the organisation must focus upon encouraging equality in employment and increasing the participation of women managers and business entreprenuers.They must give equal importance to both men and women.There should be no difference in their pay scale,facilities or amenities provided to them and opportunities given to them,etc.