One needs money to make money. Finance is the lifeline of business. A business firm requires finance to commence its operations, to continue its operations and for its expansion and growth. There must be continuous flow of funds in and out of business. Sound plans, efficient production and marketing are all dependent on smooth flow of finance. Hence, a financial plan needs to be prepared, which indicates the requirements of finance, sources for raising the finance and the application of funds. Financial planning for starting a business begins with estimating the total amount of capital required by the firm for the various need of the business.
The financial plans of an enterprise should be formulated by taking into consideration the following factors :-